WILLIAM & DEBORAH HILLYARD

Travel - Massachusetts

When the Pilgrims arrived in the US from England, they first landed in what is now Provincetown on Cape Cod.  This proved to be rather too inclement a climate, so they moved west and established their first colony in 1620 in what is now the city of Plymouth, MA. 

Founded in 1636, Harvard University is the oldest in the United States. This makes an interesting contrast to the area around Salem, MA, that was home to the Salem Witch Trials In 1692.  Some 21 people were executed; Giles Corey by being pressed to death with heavy stones, the rest by hanging.  At least five more died in prison.  In the late 18th century, Boston, MA became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" as it was there that the movement really exploded that led to the American Revolution, and then to United States independence from the UK. 

In the late 19th century, basketball and volleyball were invented in the cities of Springfield and Holyoke, respectively.  In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U.S. state to legally recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the decision of the state's Supreme Judicial Court.


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